Dating black wedgwood
Dating black wedgwood - dating sites for animals
This may also explain why the greatest 18 century British ceramics manufacturer, Josiah Wedgwood, used the vase as the basis for technical experiments intended to determine and then recreate its substance and aspect.
With Bentley, he formed an intimate friendship and partnership, which was to last until Bentley's death.The Portland Vase has been displayed in the British Museum since 1810.Originally known as the Barberini Vase, it owes its current name to the family of the Dukes of Portland, who owned it from the late 18 and the interpretation of its decorations, has proved elusive and since its excavation this difficulty to grasp the historical reality of the vessel, its function and significance, may well account for the fascination it has exerted on scholars and the general public alike. Après avoir brièvement retracé l’histoire du vase original et évoqué quelques-unes des hypothèses tentant d’expliquer les bas-reliefs qui l’ornent, je souhaiterais montrer comment Josiah Wedgwood s’est saisi de cette œuvre à des fins scientifiques, commerciales et pédagogiques et comment sa copie, célébrée jusque dans un poème, a contribué à propager et entretenir la fascination qu’exerçait l’original. The story of the original vase will be evoked, along with a few theories that try to explain the meaning of its bas-reliefs.Then I shall discuss the different reasons why Wedgwood attempted to make copies of this vase and show why this attempt was a bold technical and commercial manoeuvre.Josiah Wedgwood, whose ceramic creations evoked the styles and themes of antiquity so popular in the late eighteenth century, produced a copy of the celebrated Portland Vase in black-and-white jasper-ware.
The original, attributed to the Roman gem-cutter Dioskourides, is in the style of works made between 30 and 20 B. After its discovery in the late sixteenth century in the tomb of the Emperor Septimius Severus, it became one of the most admired works of antiquity and passed through an illustrious series of collections, among them those of Cardinal Barberini, Sir William Hamilton, and finally, the duchess of Portland, who donated it to the British Museum.The iconography of the original black-and-white cameo-cut glass vessel remains a mystery, though many interpretations have been offered.A recent theory is that the frieze depicts (as the vessel is turned) Peleus entering to meet Thetis in the presence of her parents and Aphrodite and that the vase was made as a wedding present for the Emperor Augustus's daugher Julia on her marriage to Marcus Claudius Marcellus, her cousin, in 25 B. Wedgwood continued to issue editions of the vase throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.The Wedgwood story began in 1759, when Josiah Wedgwood, aged just twenty-nine, started as an independent potter in Burslem, Staffordshire, England.He began to experiment avidly with clay, exploring its many possibilities.The years of the partnership with Bentley were probably Josiah's happiest and most prosperous, with his inventing, perfecting and capturing the fashion of the time for the neo-classical style.